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Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AIDD)

State Protection & Advocacy Systems

Fact Sheet (PDF, 395KB) | P&As Program Contacts | Program Resources

Protection and Advocacy Systems (P&As) work at the state level to protect individuals with developmental disabilities by empowering them and advocating on their behalf. There are 57 P&As in the United States and its territories, and each is independent of service-providing agencies within their states.

Along with the other Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities grantees, P&As are dedicated to the ongoing fight for the personal and civil rights of individuals with developmental disabilities. P&As provide legal support to traditionally unserved or underserved populations to help them navigate the legal system to achieve resolution and encourage systems change. P&As ensure that individuals with disabilities are able to exercise their rights to make choices, contribute to society and live independently.

Beyond Litigation

While their focus is most often legal, P&As also engage in a full range of other efforts to promote the rights of individuals with developmental disabilities.

P&As often provide information and referrals, as well as training and technical assistance to service providers, state legislators and other policymakers. They also conduct self-advocacy trainings and raise public awareness of legal and social issues affecting individuals with developmental disabilities and their families.

Working Toward Inclusive Education and Independent Living

P&As provide substantial advocacy and legal services on educational issues, and work to ensure that students receive an appropriate education in an inclusive setting.

P&As have also made great strides in increasing the opportunities for individuals with developmental disabilities to make decisions for themselves about where and with whom they live.

Olmstead and Other Cases

P&As have been involved in a significant number of landmark cases and work closely with other entities, especially State Councils on Developmental Disabilities and University Centers for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities Education, Research, and Service. P&As work to implement the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1999 decision in Olmstead v. L.C., which requires states to eliminate unnecessary segregation of people with disabilities, and to ensure that they receive services in the most integrated setting possible.

Outcome Data Tables

As per The Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000, AIDD grantees are required to report annually on progress achieved through advocacy, capacity building, and systemic change activities. For more information on the P&A program click here.

Protection and Advocacy Agencies, using their annual Program Performance Report (PPR), submit data to AIDD. The following tables provide select data for each state/territorial P&A as well as for the nation.

Report Title Year
Clients Served 2012
Clients by Age 2012
Clients by Race and Ethnicity 2012
Clients’ Living Conditions 2012
Outcomes by Areas of Emphasis 2012
Reasons for Closing Cases 2012
Intervention Strategies 2012
Problem Areas/Complaints of Clients Served 2012

Information on the data collection methodology is available as Frequently Asked Questions.

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Last Modified: 4/8/2015